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Authors: David Ribnicky , Seon Beom Kim , Alexander Poulev , Yang Wang , Anik Boudreau , Ilya Raskin , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , G. Joseph Ray , Shao-Nong Chen ORCID , Allison Richard , Jacqueline M. Stephens , Guido F. Pauli ORCID
Journal: Journal of Natural Products (RoMEO status: White)
Subjects:
Two new diprenylated coumaric acid isomers (1a and 1b) and two known congeners, capillartemisin A (2) and B (3), were isolated from Artemisia scoparia as bioactive markers using bioactivity-guided HPLC fractionation. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic means, including 1D and 2D NMR methods and LC-MS, with their purity assessed by 1D 1H pure shift qNMR spectroscopic analysis. The bioactivity of compounds was evaluated by enhanced accumulation of lipids, as measured using Oil Red O staining, and by increased expression of several adipocyte marker genes, including adiponectin in 3T3-L1 adipocytes relative to untreated negative controls.
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categories publications science
Authors: Seon Beom Kim , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , J. Brent Friesen ORCID , Luca Bucchini , Stefan Gafner , David C. Lankin ORCID , Shao-Nong Chen ORCID , Guido F. Pauli ORCID , James B. McAlpine ORCID
Journal: Journal of Natural Products (RoMEO status: White)
Subjects:
NMR
Curcuma longa (turmeric) has an extensive history of ethnomedical use for common ailments, and “curcumin”-containing dietary supplements (CDS) are a highly visible portion of today’s self-medication market. Owing to raw material cost pressure, CDS products are affected by economically motivated, nefarious adulteration with synthetic curcumin (“syncumin”), possibly leading to unexpected toxicological issues due to “residual” impurities. Using a combination of targeted and untargeted (phyto)chemical analysis, this study investigated the botanical integrity of two commercial “turmeric” CDS with vitamin and other additives that were associated with reported clinical cases of hepatotoxicity.
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categories publications science
Authors: Seon Beom Kim , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , J. Brent Friesen ORCID , Guido F. Pauli ORCID , Charlotte Simmler ORCID
Journal: Journal of Natural Products (RoMEO status: White)
Subjects:
CPC
CCC
Chlorophylls are present in all extracts from the aerial parts of green plant materials. Chlorophylls may act as in vitro bioassay nuisance compounds, possibly preventing the reproducibility and accurate measurement of readouts due to their UV/vis absorbance, fluorescence properties, and tendency to precipitate in aqueous media. Despite the diversity of methods used traditionally to remove chlorophylls, details about their mode of operation, specificity, and reproducibility are scarce. Herein, we report a selective and efficient 45 min liquid–liquid/countercurrent chlorophyll cleanup method using Centrifugal Partition Chromatography (CPC) with a solvent system composed of hexanes–EtOAc–MeOH–water (5:5:5:5, v/v) in elution-extrusion mode.
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categories publications science