Authors: Carole Lambert, Tristan Richard, Elodie Renouf, Jonathan Bisson , Pierre Waffo-Téguo, Louis Bordenave, Nathalie Ollat, Jean-Michel Mérillon, Stéphanie Cluzet
Journal: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (RoMEO status: White) 61(47), 11392-11399, (2013)
Subjects: Pharmacognosy Phytochemistry Vine Wine Stilbenoids Polyphenols NMR Mass Spectrometry
Grapevine canes are rich in resveratrol and its complex derivatives. These compounds have many biological activities and are needed mainly for health purposes. Canes, which are often wasted, can be used to produce these high-value compounds at low cost. We studied sixteen Vitis vinifera L. cultivars among the most widely cultivated ones worldwide. Polyphenols were extracted from their canes and identified by liquid chromatography–nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. We accurately determined the content of E-ε-viniferin, E-resveratrol, E-piceatannol, and vitisin B and, for the first time, that of hopeaphenol and miyabenol C. The canes did not contain these major stilbene compounds in similar proportions, and their abundance and order of abundance varied according to the cultivar. For instance, Pinot noir has very high levels of E-resveratrol and E-ε-viniferin; Gewurztraminer has very high levels of vitisin B, and Carignan and Riesling have very high levels of hopeaphenol. These findings suggest that the right cultivar should be used to obtain the highest yield of a polyphenol of interest.