Authors: Julien Gabaston , Thierry Buffeteau , Thierry Brotin , Jonathan Bisson , Caroline Rouger , Jean-Michel Mérillon , Pierre Waffo-Téguo
Journal: Phytochemistry Letters , , (2020)
In a continuing search for neuroprotective stilbenoids, two uncommon diastereomeric stilbenoid glucosides, africanoside A (1) and B (2) as well as fifteen known stilbenes, E-resveratrol, E-gnetifolin E, E-piceid, E-resveratroloside, E-gnetifolin K, E-gnetol, E-isorhapontigenin, E-isorhapontin, E-isorhapontigenin-4′-O-glucopyranoside, E-gnetin C, E-bisisorhapontigenin B, E-gnemonoside A, E-gnemonoside C, E-gnemonoside D, and E-gnetin E, were isolated from rhizomes of Gnetum africanum, using a combination of centrifugal partition chromatography and preparative HPLC. The structure of these two stilbenoids was investigated by NMR, vibrational circular dichroism (VCD), and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) experiments. The absolute configurations of 1, and 2 were established by VCD as (7aS,8aS) and (7aR,8aR), respectively. Compound 1 significantly chelated Fe(II) at 100, 250 and 500 μM. The ability of stilbenoids to chelate ferrous ions which are implicated in physiopathological hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease provides useful data for potential treatment.