[Bjonnh.net]# _

Authors: Seon Beom Kim , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , J. Brent Friesen ORCID , Luca Bucchini , Stefan Gafner , David C. Lankin ORCID , Shao-Nong Chen ORCID , Guido F. Pauli ORCID , James B. McAlpine ORCID
Journal: Journal of Natural Products (RoMEO status: White)
Subjects:
NMR
Curcuma longa (turmeric) has an extensive history of ethnomedical use for common ailments, and “curcumin”-containing dietary supplements (CDS) are a highly visible portion of today’s self-medication market. Owing to raw material cost pressure, CDS products are affected by economically motivated, nefarious adulteration with synthetic curcumin (“syncumin”), possibly leading to unexpected toxicological issues due to “residual” impurities. Using a combination of targeted and untargeted (phyto)chemical analysis, this study investigated the botanical integrity of two commercial “turmeric” CDS with vitamin and other additives that were associated with reported clinical cases of hepatotoxicity.
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categories publications science
Authors: Julien Gabaston , Thierry Buffeteau , Thierry Brotin , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , Caroline Rouger , Jean-Michel Mérillon , Pierre Waffo-Téguo
Journal: Phytochemistry Letters
Subjects:
NMR
In a continuing search for neuroprotective stilbenoids, two uncommon diastereomeric stilbenoid glucosides, africanoside A (1) and B (2) as well as fifteen known stilbenes, E-resveratrol, E-gnetifolin E, E-piceid, E-resveratroloside, E-gnetifolin K, E-gnetol, E-isorhapontigenin, E-isorhapontin, E-isorhapontigenin-4′-O-glucopyranoside, E-gnetin C, E-bisisorhapontigenin B, E-gnemonoside A, E-gnemonoside C, E-gnemonoside D, and E-gnetin E, were isolated from rhizomes of Gnetum africanum, using a combination of centrifugal partition chromatography and preparative HPLC. The structure of these two stilbenoids was investigated by NMR, vibrational circular dichroism (VCD), and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) experiments.
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categories publications science
Authors: Mary P. Choules ORCID , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , Charlotte Simmler ORCID , James B. McAlpine ORCID , Gabriel Giancaspro , Anton Bzhelyansky , Matthias Niemitz ORCID , Guido F. Pauli ORCID
Journal: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis (RoMEO status: V2)
Subjects:
NMR
Whereas generic, LC-based pharmaceutical control quality procedures depend largely on the detection mode and can be particularly ‘blind’ to certain impurities, NMR is a more versatile and, thus, often more judicious detector. While adulteration presents ever-evolving challenges for the analysis of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and finished products sold in the worldwide (online) marketplace, research chemicals are usually trusted rather than being considered flawed or even adulterated. This report shows how NMR analysis uncovered the unanticipated presence of substantial amounts of mannitol (20 and 43% w/w) as undeclared constituent in two custom synthetic peptides, DR and DRVYI, that were sourced commercially.
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categories publications science
Authors: Mary P. Choules ORCID , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , Wei Gao , David C. Lankin ORCID , James B. McAlpine ORCID , Matthias Niemitz ORCID , Birgit U. Jaki ORCID , Scott G. Franzblau ORCID , Guido F. Pauli ORCID
Journal: Journal of Organic Chemistry (RoMEO status: White)
Subjects:
NMR
Ensuring identity, purity, and reproducibility are equally essential during synthetic chemistry, drug discovery, and for pharmaceutical product safety. Many peptidic APIs are large molecules that require considerable effort for integrity assurance. This study builds on quantum mechanical 1H iterative Full Spin Analysis (HiFSA) to establish NMR peptide sequencing methodology that overcomes the intrinsic limitations of principal compendial methods in identifying small structural changes or minor impurities that affect effectiveness and safety.
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categories publications science
Authors: James B. McAlpine ORCID , Shao-Nong Chen ORCID , Andrei Kutateladze ORCID , John B. MacMillan , Giovanni Appendino ORCID , Andersson Barison , Mehdi A. Beniddir ORCID , Maique W. Biavatti ORCID , Stefan Bluml , Asmaa Boufridi ORCID , Mark S. Butler ORCID , Robert J. Capon , Young H. Choi , David Coppage , Phillip Crews ORCID , Michael T. Crimmins , Marie Csete ORCID , Pradeep Dewapriya , Joseph M. Egan ORCID , Mary J. Garson , Gregory Genta-Jouve ORCID , William H. Gerwick ORCID , Harald Gross , Mary Kay Harper , Precilia Hermanto , James M. Hook , Luke Hunter , Damien Jeannerat ORCID , Nai-Yun Ji ORCID , Tyler A. Johnson , David G. I. Kingston ORCID , Hiroyuki Koshino , Hsiau-Wei Lee , Guy Lewin , Jie Li ORCID , Roger G. Linington , Miaomiao Liu , Kerry L. McPhail ORCID , Tadeusz F. Molinski ORCID , Bradley S. Moore ORCID , Joo-Won Nam ORCID , Ram P. Neupane , Matthias Niemitz ORCID , Jean-Marc Nuzillard ORCID , Nicholas H. Oberlies ORCID , Fernanda M. M. Ocampos ORCID , Guohui Pan ORCID , Ronald J. Quinn , D. Sai Reddy , Jean-Hugues Renault ORCID , José Rivera-Chávez , Wolfgang Robien ORCID , Carla M. Saunders ORCID , Thomas J. Schmidt ORCID , Christoph Seger , Ben Shen ORCID , Christoph Steinbeck ORCID , Hermann Stuppner , Sonja Sturm , Orazio Taglialatela-Scafati , Dean J. Tantillo ORCID , Robert Verpoorte ORCID , Bin-Gui Wang ORCID , Craig M. Williams ORCID , Philip G. Williams , Julien Wist ORCID , Jian-Min Yue ORCID , Chen Zhang , Zhengren Xu ORCID , Charlotte Simmler ORCID , David C. Lankin ORCID , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , Guido F. Pauli ORCID
Journal: Natural Product Reports (RoMEO status: Yellow)
Subjects:
NMR
With contributions from the global natural product (NP) research community, and continuing the Raw Data Initiative, this review collects a comprehensive demonstration of the immense scientific value of disseminating raw nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data, independently of, and in parallel with, classical publishing outlets. A comprehensive compilation of historic to present-day cases as well as contemporary and future applications show that addressing the urgent need for a repository of publicly accessible raw NMR data has the potential to transform natural products (NPs) and associated fields of chemical and biomedical research.
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categories publications science
Authors: Rasika S. Phansalkar , Charlotte Simmler ORCID , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , Shao-Nong Shen , David C. Lankin ORCID , James B. McAlpine ORCID , Matthias Niemitz ORCID , Guido F. Pauli ORCID
Journal: Journal of Natural Products (RoMEO status: White)
Subjects:
NMR
Chemical standardization, along with morphological and DNA analysis ensures the authenticity and advances the integrity evaluation of botanical preparations. Achievement of a more comprehensive, metabolomic standardization requires simultaneous quantitation of multiple marker compounds. Employing quantitative 1H NMR (qHNMR), this study determined the total isoflavone content (TIfCo; 34.5–36.5% w/w) via multimarker standardization and assessed the stability of a 10-year-old isoflavone-enriched red clover extract (RCE). Eleven markers (nine isoflavones, two flavonols) were targeted simultaneously, and outcomes were compared with LC-based standardization.
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categories publications science
Authors: Jonathan Bisson ORCID , Marion Brunel , Alain Badoc , Grégory Da Costa , Tristan Richard , Jean-Michel Mérillon , Pierre Waffo-Téguo
Journal: Analytical Chemistry (RoMEO status: White)
Subjects:
CPC
NMR
SPE
Centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC) and all countercurrent separation apparatus provide chemists with efficient ways to work with complex matrixes, especially in the domain of natural products. However, despite the great advances provided by these techniques, more efficient ways of analyzing the output flow would bring further enhancement. This study describe a hyphenated approach made by coupling NMR with CPC through a hybrid-indirect coupling made possible by using a solid phase extraction (SPE) apparatus intended for high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC)-NMR hyphenation.
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categories publications science
Authors: Jonathan Bisson ORCID , Charlotte Simmler ORCID , Shao-Nong Chen ORCID , J. Brent Friesen ORCID , David C. Lankin ORCID , James McAlpine , Guido F. Pauli ORCID
Journal: Natural Product Reports (RoMEO status: Yellow)
Subjects:
NMR
The notion of data transparency is gaining a strong awareness among the scientific community. The availability of raw data is actually regarded as a fundamental way to advance science by promoting both integrity and reproducibility of research outcomes. Particularly, in the field of natural product and chemical research, NMR spectroscopy is a fundamental tool for structural elucidation and quantification (qNMR). As such, the accessibility of original NMR data, i.e., Free Induction Decays (FIDs), fosters transparency in chemical research and optimizes both peer review and reproducibility of reports by offering the fundamental tools to perform efficient structural verification.
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categories publications science
Authors: Guido F. Pauli ORCID , Matthias Niemitz ORCID , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , Michael W. Lodewyk , Cristian Soldi , Jared T. Shaw , Dean J. Tantillo ORCID , Jordy M. Saya , Klaas Vos , Roel A. Kleinnijenhuis , Henk Hiemstra , Shao-Nong Chen ORCID , James McAlpine , David C. Lankin ORCID , J. Brent Friesen ORCID
Journal: Journal of Organic Chemistry (RoMEO status: White)
Subjects:
NMR
FID
The revision of the structure of the sesquiterpene aquatolide from a bicyclo[2.2.0]hexane to a bicyclo[2.1.1]hexane structure using compelling NMR data, X-ray crystallography, and the recent confirmation via full synthesis exemplify that the achievement of “structural correctness” depends on the completeness of the experimental evidence. Archived FIDs and newly acquired aquatolide spectra demonstrate that archiving and rigorous interpretation of 1D 1H NMR data may enhance the reproducibility of (bio)chemical research and curb the growing trend of structural misassignments.
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categories publications science
Authors: Ariene A. Leme , Cristina M.P. Vidal , A.B.S. Sousa , Rasika Phansalkar , Joo-Won Nam ORCID , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , Shao-Nong Chen ORCID , Guido F. Pauli ORCID , Ana Bedran-Russo
Journal: Dental Materials (RoMEO status: Green)
Subjects:
NMR
Plant derived proanthocyanidins are well-established compounds exhibiting high dentin biomodification potency. Among the effects, enhanced tissue biomechanics and biostability are of relevance to restorative dentistry. This study evaluated the adhesive properties of an enriched proanthocyanidin primer on the bond strength of experimental resin-based adhesives containing variable concentrations of HEMA.

categories publications science
Authors: Joo-Won Nam ORCID , Rasika Phansalkar , David C. Lankin ORCID , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , James McAlpine , Ariene A. Leme , Cristina M.P. Vidal , Benjamin Ramirez , Matthias Niemitz ORCID , Ana Bedran-Russo , Shao-Nong Chen ORCID , Guido F. Pauli ORCID
Journal: Journal of Organic Chemistry (RoMEO status: White)
Subjects:
NMR
The ability of certain oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPACs) to enhance the biomechanical properties of dentin involves collagen cross-linking of the 1.3–4.5 nm wide space via protein–polyphenol interactions. A systematic interdisciplinary search for the bioactive principles of pine bark has yielded the trimeric PAC, ent-epicatechin-(4β→8)-epicatechin-(2β→O→7,4β→8)-catechin (3), representing the hitherto most potent single chemical entity capable of enhancing dentin stiffness. Building the case from two congeneric PAC dimers, a detailed structural analysis decoded the stereochemistry, spatial arrangement, and chemical properties of three dentin biomodifiers.
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categories publications science

# Posters/

Chemical nano shifts explain the NMR fingerprints of dentin-enhancing oligomeric proanthocyanidins

1D NMR spectra contain a wealth of vital structural information that can enhance the description of bioactive molecules. The present study demonstrates how quantum-mechanics driven 1H iterative Full Spin Analysis (QM-HiFSA) is capable of distinguishing spectral detail that cannot be interpreted manually or visually, but provides important information of the 3D structure and bonding (re-)activity of the molecules. This approach is established by analyzing 1D NMR spectra of oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPACs), which exhibit high dentin bioactivity, and were isolated from the inner bark of pine.
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category posters

# Posters/

Dissemination of original NMR data enhances the reproducibility of natural product research

The acquisition of 1D 1H NMR (HNMR) spectra is one of earliest steps in characterizing natural products and other organic molecules. For publication, HNMR information usually is “converted” into a table format, and sometimes spectral plots are provided. However, this transformation is lossy and frequently insufficient for unambiguous dereplication. This ambiguity can even lead to structural revision, such as in the recent case of aquatolide (1), a sesquiterpene lactone from Asteriscus aquaticus.
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category posters

# Posters/

K-targeted isolation of C-glycosylflavones from Vitex agnus-castus by countercurrent methodology

C-glycosylated flavones, including orientin, isoorientin, vitexin, and isovitexin, are minor but biologically significant constituents of fruit extracts of the chaste-tree (Vitex agnus-castus L.), a botanical supplement used to treat PMS and postmenopausal symptoms. The partition coefficient, or K-value, is the ratio of the concentration of a compound in each phase of a biphasic solvent mixture and is a physicochemical property of a particular compound in a particular solvent system. This value can be used to predict retention volume (V ret) in a countercurrent separation procedure.
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category posters
Authors: Cristina M.P. Vidal , Ariene A. Leme , Thaiane R. Aguiar , Rasika Phansalkar , Joo-Won Nam ORCID , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , James McAlpine , Shao-Nong Chen ORCID , Guido F. Pauli ORCID , Ana Bedran-Russo
Journal: Langmuir (RoMEO status: White)
Subjects:
NMR
Proanthocyanidins (PACs) are secondary plant metabolites that mediate nonenzymatic collagen cross-linking and enhance the properties of collagen based tissue, such as dentin. The extent and nature of cross-linking is influenced by the composition and specific chemical structure of the bioactive compounds present in certain PAC-rich extracts. This study investigated the effect of the molecular weight and stereochemistry of polyphenol compounds on two important properties of dentin, biomechanics, and biostability. For that, purified phenols, a phenolic acid, and some of its derivatives were selected: PAC dimers (A1, A2, B1, and B2) and a trimer (C1), gallic acid (Ga), its esters methyl-gallate (MGa) and propyl-gallate (PGa), and a pentagalloyl ester of glucose (PGG).
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categories publications science
Authors: Ariene A. Leme , Cristina M.P. Vidal , Thaiane R. Aguiar , A.B.S. Sousa , Rasika Phansalkar , Joo-Won Nam ORCID , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , Shao-Nong Chen ORCID , Guido F. Pauli ORCID , Ana Bedran-Russo
Journal: Dental Materials (RoMEO status: Green)
Subjects:
NMR
The polyphenol source and molecular structure complexity affects interactions of proanthocyanidins (PACs) with dentin matrix. Therefore, this study evaluated the dentin bioactivity of compounds from a non-galloylated PACs-rich extract.

categories publications science
Authors: Guido F. Pauli ORCID , Shao-Nong Chen ORCID , David C. Lankin ORCID , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , Ryan J. Case , Lucas R. Chadwick , Tanja Gödecke , Taichi Inui , Aleksej Krunic , Birgit U. Jaki ORCID , James B. McAlpine ORCID , Shunyan Mo , José G. Napolitano , Jimmy Orjala , Juuso Lehtivarjo , Samuli-Petrus Korhonen , Matthias Niemitz ORCID
Journal: Journal of Natural Products (RoMEO status: White)
Subjects:
NMR
The present study demonstrates the importance of adequate precision when reporting the δ and J parameters of frequency domain 1H NMR (HNMR) data. Using a variety of structural classes (terpenoids, phenolics, alkaloids) from different taxa (plants, cyanobacteria), this study develops rationales that explain the importance of enhanced precision in NMR spectroscopic analysis and rationalizes the need for reporting Δδ and ΔJ values at the 0.1–1 ppb and 10 mHz level, respectively.
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categories publications science
Authors: Carole Lambert , Tristan Richard , Elodie Renouf , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , Pierre Waffo-Téguo , Louis Bordenave , Nathalie Ollat , Jean-Michel Mérillon , Stéphanie Cluzet
Journal: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (RoMEO status: White)
Subjects:
NMR
Grapevine canes are rich in resveratrol and its complex derivatives. These compounds have many biological activities and are needed mainly for health purposes. Canes, which are often wasted, can be used to produce these high-value compounds at low cost. We studied sixteen Vitis vinifera L. cultivars among the most widely cultivated ones worldwide. Polyphenols were extracted from their canes and identified by liquid chromatography–nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. We accurately determined the content of E-ε-viniferin, E-resveratrol, E-piceatannol, and vitisin B and, for the first time, that of hopeaphenol and miyabenol C.
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categories publications science
Authors: Alison D. Pawlus , Ramla Sahli , Jonathan Bisson ORCID , Céline Rivière , Jean-Claude Delaunay , Tristan Richard , Eric Gomès , Louis Bordenave , Pierre Waffo-Téguo , Jean-Michel Mérillon
Journal: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (RoMEO status: White)
Subjects:
NMR
We present stilbenoid profiles of canes from 16 grapevines. Fifteen stilbenoids were obtained through isolation and structure identification using MS, NMR, and [α]D or as commercial standards. An HPLC–UV method for the simultaneous quantification of nine of these stilbenoids was developed and applied to canes of Vitis amurensis, Vitis arizonica, Vitis berlandieri, Vitis betulifolia, Vitis cinerea, Vitis × champini, Vitis × doaniana, Vitis labrusca, Vitis candicans (syn. Vitis mustangensis), Vitis riparia, Vitis rupestris, Vitis vinifera, Muscadinia rotundifolia, and a V.
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categories publications science

# Conferences/

Hyphenating countercurrent chromatography with NMR and mass spectrometry. How to enhance the range of the liquid phases

Countercurrent chromatography techniques are increasingly used in the fractionation and purification steps of natural products due to their excellent versatility and efficiency. However, one of the major bottlenecks in liquid-liquid chromatography is the solvent system selection. In this work, a NMR-based analysis of complex solvent mixtures was developed for biphasic system selection and modification. This allowed us to develop more versatile separation conditions, such as gradients. Additionally, we hyphenated our countercurrent chromatography device with NMR and mass spectrometry.
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category conferences