Wine

# Publications/

New E-miyabenol isomer isolated from grapevine cane using centrifugal partition chromatography guided by mass spectrometry

Journal: Tetrahedron (RoMEO status: Green) Published on
Categories: publications
Subjects: Pharmacognosy Phytochemistry Vine Wine Stilbenoids Polyphenols CPC Mass Spectrometry

Stilbenoids have received increasing attention over the last two decades since the discovery of resveratrol in wine. With an ever-growing rhythm, a multitude of biological activities of naturally occurring stilbenes are being reported. In this work, we investigated minor stilbenoid compounds from Vitis vinifera stalks. The compounds were purified by means of centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC), a countercurrent-separation technique. Electrospray ionization–ion trap mass spectrometry (ESI–IT-MS) after optimization proved to be extremely efficient for the detection of these new molecules, providing both structural information for structure elucidation and a means to achieve identification even with minute amounts.

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# Publications/

Comparative Analyses of Stilbenoids in Canes of Major Vitis vinifera L. Cultivars

Grapevine canes are rich in resveratrol and its complex derivatives. These compounds have many biological activities and are needed mainly for health purposes. Canes, which are often wasted, can be used to produce these high-value compounds at low cost. We studied sixteen Vitis vinifera L. cultivars among the most widely cultivated ones worldwide. Polyphenols were extracted from their canes and identified by liquid chromatography–nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. We accurately determined the content of E-ε-viniferin, E-resveratrol, E-piceatannol, and vitisin B and, for the first time, that of hopeaphenol and miyabenol C.

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# Publications/

Inhibitory Activity of Plant Stilbenoids against Nitric Oxide Production by Lipopolysaccharide-Activated Microglia

Journal: Planta Medica (RoMEO status: Blue) Published on
Categories: publications
Subjects: Pharmacognosy Phytochemistry Vine Wine Stilbenoids Polyphenols Bioactivity

Microglia-driven inflammatory processes are thought to play an important role in ageing and several neurological disorders. Since consumption of a diet rich in polyphenols has been associated with anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects, we studied the effects of twenty-five stilbenoids isolated from Milicia excelsa, Morus alba, Gnetum africanum, and Vitis vinifera. These compounds were tested at 5 and 10 µM on BV-2 microglial cells stimulated with bacterial lipopolysaccharide. Ten stilbenoids reduced lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide production at 5 and/or 10 µM.

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# Publications/

Centrifugal partition chromatography applied to the isolation of oak wood aroma precursors

Journal: Food Chemistry (RoMEO status: Green) Published on
Categories: publications
Subjects: CPC Oak Wood Flavor Wine

Flavours extracted from oak wood during barrel ageing contribute to the organoleptic character of wines and spirits. The aim of this work was to identify the glycosidic precursors of the key volatile compounds responsible for oak wood aroma. Oak extract is a very complex matrix and, furthermore, precursors are present in very small quantities. Preparative centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC) is a promising solution for purifying the oak extract. The solvent system was selected on the basis of the partition coefficient of glycosidase enzyme activity (Kca).

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# Publications/

Chemical dereplication of wine stilbenoids using high performance liquid chromatography–nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy

Journal: Journal of Chromatography A (RoMEO status: Green) Published on
Categories: publications
Subjects: Analytical Chemistry Dereplication LC-NMR Vine Wine

Wine is a major dietary source of numerous potentially health promoting stilbenoids that have been the subject of many qualitative and quantitative studies. However, our initial HPLC–MS analyses of crude wine samples demonstrated the presence of compounds with molecular weights matching characteristic stilbenoid dimers, trimers, and tetramers that were unaccounted for in the literature. Due to the likelihood that these are known compounds, a chemical dereplication method is highly desirable. We developed such a method using LC-DAD–MS monitored fractionation steps, using adsorption and centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC), to obtain fractions rich in stilbenoids for analysis in stopped-flow LC–NMR.

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# Publications/

Stilbenoid Profiles of Canes from Vitis and Muscadinia Species

We present stilbenoid profiles of canes from 16 grapevines. Fifteen stilbenoids were obtained through isolation and structure identification using MS, NMR, and [α]D or as commercial standards. An HPLC–UV method for the simultaneous quantification of nine of these stilbenoids was developed and applied to canes of Vitis amurensis, Vitis arizonica, Vitis berlandieri, Vitis betulifolia, Vitis cinerea, Vitis × champini, Vitis × doaniana, Vitis labrusca, Vitis candicans (syn. Vitis mustangensis), Vitis riparia, Vitis rupestris, Vitis vinifera, Muscadinia rotundifolia, and a V.

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# Publications/

Phenolics and their antifungal role in grapevine wood decay: Focus on the Botryosphaeriaceae family

The interaction between Vitis vinifera and trunk disease fungi requires better understanding. We studied the role of phenolics as possible plant defense compounds in this context. The impact of 24 grapevine phenolic compounds was determined on 6 major wood decay fungi by an in vitro agar plate assay. Hydroxystilbenoids, especially oligomers such as miyabenol C, isohopeaphenol, and vitisin A and B, greatly reduced the growth of the fungi, except that of Phaeoacremonium aleophilum.

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# Publications/

Development of hybrid elution systems for efficient purification of stilbenoids using centrifugal partition chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry

Journal: Journal of Chromatography A (RoMEO status: Green) Published on
Categories: publications
Subjects: Analytical Chemistry Preparative chemistry Hyphenation CPC MS back-step Vine Wine

The phytochemical study of the root extract of the stilbenoid-rich Vitis riparia × Vitis berlandieri grapevine was carried out by centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC). For this reason, we developed a new elution mode we named back-step, which allowed us to obtain cleaner fractions and a more efficient separation process when used in conjunction with a classical elution approach. Three hydroxystilbenes: (E)-resveratrol, (E)-ɛ-viniferin and (E)-vitisin C, with greater than 90% purity were thus obtained through such process, with minimal sample handling and purification steps.

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